Freedom of Expression under the Cameroonian Constitution: A Critical Survey of Contemporary Challenges

This research is focused on freedom of expression and constitutional protection as a specific form of substantive right in relation to international law. It seeks to examine the philosophical or historical dimensions surrounding the birth of human rights, specifically the freedom of expression and the assessment on how Cameroon is meeting up to its affirmative legal obligations under international law flowing from the ratification of international human rights treaties. The effective implementation of Article 19 of the ICCPR is the foundation of the argument that well–defined legislation and effective mechanisms is a necessary condition for the realisation of this right in Cameroon. It also aims to demonstrate how despite several democratic reforms in post-colonial Africa, constitutional changes are still unable to ensure constitutionalism, democracy, the rule of law and human rights protection. Although most states have ratified several international treaties on freedom of expression, the application of these laws in practice remains problematic. This is apparently due to the practice of authoritarianism and the utmost disregard for the rule of law as a necessary condition for change or transformation.